The initial six learning zones exist in the FCL today and each of them focuses on a different approach or aspect of teaching and learning. They encourage those exploring the FCL to consider the physical space, resources, the changing roles of students and teachers, and how to support different learning styles. Collectively, the zones provide a way to visualise how different, innovative pedagogical approaches that incorporate ICT can be implemented in classrooms and across a whole school. The zones reflect what good teaching should be about: being connected, being involved, and being challenged.
Future classroom learning places much importance on the ability to collaborate with others. The teamwork takes place while investigating, creating and presenting. The quality of collaboration is composed of ownership, shared responsibility and decision-making process within groups. ICT can help to create a richer way of communication and collaboration. Collaboration in the 21st century classroom is not limited to face-to-face and synchronous communication, but can take place online and also asynchronously.